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托福100分班课堂写作笔记-议论文

发布时间:2018-06-30 11:11:01
 

摘要:

笔记特点:
1)条理清晰,重点突出
2)笔记中的Sample Answer为同学们的作品,经过修改后可达高分,值得同学们学习
3)品级较高,适合具有一定基础的新托福考生学习。
由于笔记创作时间有限,如有疏漏欢迎批评指正。
 
Review of key points – Independent
1.     Grammar 20
a)     Basic – verb, subject-verb agreement
b)    Advanced - , (conjunction, relatives, particle)
e.g.
There are parents who would like to give pocket money to their children. (一类人)
Parents would like to give pocket money to their children. (意愿)
Parents would like to give pocket money to their children, which is considered as a good motive. (意愿 – 不错的)记叙
It is a good motive that parents would like to give pocket money to their children.(评价意愿)议论
句式 – 强调的意思
You give me money. (动作,过程) = I am given money by you. (状态,结果)
It is … that …
1)主语从句 that… = it
2) 强调句 It is … that… 框架
训练方法:中-英(按写句子的步骤)
2.Organization – Essay议论文
Form I – Do you agree or disagree with the statement?
      Overall, I agree / disagree that… - 作者的立场
      (-TS)(-SS) – 削弱*
      However, (TS1)(SS1) – 加强
      Besides, (TS2)(SS2) – 加强*
      In conclusion, I think that (TS1+2) – 作者的观点
段落:三种排列
      第一种:TS + SS
      第二种:SS + So TS
      第三种:PD + However, TS + SS
3.     Lexical sources
 It is (con- )方便 to travel across the world by air.
      Convenient
 Managing their money is (bene-)有好处的for the children who will be financially responsible adults. Beneficial (benefit)
      钱:政府的钱(budget);资本家的钱(capital);慈善机构的钱(fund);工作者赚的钱(income)
Salary, wage, commission, bonus, allowance
      必要的 adj. = (necessary) = (indispensable) … = essential = substantial
重要的Vital = significant = important = valuable
Invaluable = useful = meaningful = worth
Collins
In- dis- pens - able
      年轻人n. = (young people) = (youngster = teenager)
Infancy, childhood, Adolescence, youth, adulthood, old age – 时期
      影响vt. = (affect) = (influence) = (impact)
 Affect (vt.)VS effect (n.)
C VS S
词性;随主题(词汇);有效的替换 = 准确
4.     Contents * - 合理性
a)     Topic sentence
b)    Supporting sentences
 
People who go outside are more successful and happier than people who stay in villages.
立场 + 3个主题句(1+2;2+1;3)+ 观点
提示:关注题目中的比较元素
1)           Relatively
2)           比较级 – more, better, …
3)           对比 – AA have the abilities that cannot be gained from BB
Sample Answer – by Cheerio
      Overall, I agree that people who go outside have a larger probability of gaining success and acquiring a happier life. J
      (-SS) + Surely, people live in village enjoy a relatively stable lifestyle and a less competitive (working) environment, (both of) which might bring them happiness and a satisfactory income. J
      However, those who fight for a living outside the village can (could) be exposed to more (job) opportunities, which are bound to bring them success in career. (SS) J
      Besides, through the challenges they encounter(, )can they cultivate their ability (abilities that cannot be done if they live in the village as usual.) and get more useful information, (both of) which will give them a sense of achievement and self-recognition. + SS J
一个句子“,”
1),前后均为句子(动词)- 逻辑关系
2),某一方不是句子(短语或词)- 同位语
      In conclusion, I think getting more opportunities is the way to success, and the sense(s) of achievement and self-recognition are the origin (source) of happiness.
 
练习题型:目的和方式的一致性
先考虑与目的相关的一些方面,再看是否可以由后面的方式获得。
In order to make ourselves happy, we should learn how to make other happy first. (2010. 3. 7 )
支持
尽管人们的满足感有时来自于在竞争中的成功。(体育比赛)
人们的满足感常常来自于家庭的和睦。(当家庭矛盾产生。)
人们的满足感常来自于团队的进取。(当士气更重要的时候)
 
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